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Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education, Emeritus, Stanford University; President Emeritus, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

PhD, MA, BA, University of Chicago; Hon. DHL, University of Judaism

Author of: The Wisdom of Practice: Essays on Teaching, Learning, and Learning to Teach (2004); Teaching as Community Property: Essays on Higher Education (2004); Research in Teaching and Learning (1990); Medical Problem Solving: An Analysis of Clinical Reasoning (1978)

Dr. Lee Shulman has spent much of his professional life advocating for the importance of teaching at all levels, from kindergarten through graduate school. He is best known for his work on the knowledge base of teaching, his efforts to promote the scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education, and for his studies of professional education.

Shulman’s first academic position was with the College of Education at Michigan State University (MSU), where he was Professor of Educational Psychology and Medical Education from 1963 to 1982. There, his collaboration with a colleague in the medical school led to the publication of the book Medical Problem Solving: An Analysis of Clinical Reasoning. He also served as co-founding director of the Institute for Research on Teaching at MSU, which studied teaching and teacher learning from a cognitive perspective. Shulman felt that teaching was no less cognitively complex than medicine.

In 1982, he became the Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education at Stanford University’s School of Education. Shulman’s research team focused on the improvement of teaching and teacher education, with special reference to the idea of “pedagogical content knowledge.” Their work laid the foundation for the process of evaluating accomplished teaching and the creation of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. At Stanford until 1997, he also served as President of both the American Educational Research Association (AERA) and the National Academy of Education.

In 1996, Shulman was named the eighth president of The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Since his retirement from the presidency in 2008, he has concentrated his efforts on the field of Jewish Education and the importance of developing rigorous applied research at the intersection of religion and education.

Born to Jewish immigrants in Chicago, where his parents owned and operated a popular delicatessen, Shulman was educated at a yeshiva high school and won a scholarship to the University of Chicago. There, he studied philosophy and psychology and earned his undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral degrees.

Throughout his esteemed career, Shulman received many appointments and accolades. Most recently, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education in 2008, the Teachers College Medal in 2007, the Grawemeyer Award in Education in 2006, and the George Washington University President’s Medal in 2004. AERA awarded him the career award for Distinguished Contributions to Educational Research, and the American Psychological Association bestowed on him the 1995 E. L. Thorndike Award for Distinguished Psychological Contributions to Education. From 2004–2007, Shulman was named Chair of the Harvard Graduate School of Education Visiting Committee. He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2003, as well as a Guggenheim Fellow.

Shulman was invited to the KDP Laureate Chapter in 1992.
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